The rules of constitutional law, as well as other areas of law, on the one hand, the objective, and the other - by the will of scientists systematists together in separate groups. For example, one group of rules related to citizenship (the acquisition of citizenship, loss of citizenship, citizenship of a child when the parents' nationality, etc.) and the other controls the position of the head of state (the procedure for electing the president, his powers, the early loss of office, etc. .), the third - the personal freedom of citizens (security of person, domicile, correspondence, etc.).
Such association rules form the institutions of constitutional law. Institute of Constitutional Law - a system of harmonized rules on uniform and interrelated social relations within this branch of law.
Institutions of constitutional law in foreign countries in general coincide with the institutions that are singled out in the Russian constitutional law: the institutions of the economic system of society, the social system, the political system, the foundations of the spiritual life of society, the legal status of the individual, forms of government, the right to vote, the referendum, the parliament, the head of state government, local government, etc.
Often there are also a division of fractional within the larger (complex) other distinguished institutions (for example, Human Rights Institute, the forms of government, the legal status of the deputy, the institution of government responsibility), which are treated as sub-institutions, and the latter may be split up further.
The above-mentioned institutions exist, however, not all foreign countries. In those countries where Islamic fundamentalism, which, in accordance with the principles of Islam, the establishment of political parties is not permitted, the political system is limited, essentially, government agencies and special institution of the political system does not add up.
On the other hand, there are countries where the actually existing social and economic structure of society has not found adequate expression in the rules of the Constitution, did not institute a special constitutional law (for example, in the Sultanate of Brunei, and even in the U.S.). However, the constitutional law of foreign countries there are institutions that are not in Russia.
In many of these countries, they are connected with the existence of the monarchy. Special institutions associated with the proclamation of the socialist rule of property, the idea of councils as the only sovereign body, with the leading role of the communist party in the society and the state, there are countries in