The concept of ownership is extremely multifaceted, examines not only the economic but also the philosophical, historical, legal and political sciences.
Property relations, hence - a system concept. In this regard, a special difficulty in addressing the problem arises because of the terminological diversity and invest every social science content of the category. Thus, the legal definition of "ownership" is changing as a function of social expediency. Another big change is subjected to the concept of property, depending on the political situation.
The most flexible interpretation of the property that can resist the changes in society, can only be given on the basis of its ever-continuing social function, ie its economic function.
Property relations account for many centuries. The economic life of human society at any stage of its development takes place in the context of limited goods of various kinds, which makes objectively necessary property relations.
In general economic understanding property is a person's attitude toward things, and person to person in relation to the thing. In other words, the property contains a subject-object and subject-subject relations.
If the definition of political economy under the category of "property" shall mean the relationship between all entities about alienation and appropriation of the material conditions of production (means of production and jobs) and its outcomes (commodities).
Important to understand the economic substance category of "property" has the distinction of ownership of the means of production (the material conditions of the production process) and for commodities, which are the ultimate goal of any process of reproduction.
The presence in the property subject of the means of production - is the possession of only the potential for the assignment of limited resources in the world. It is extremely important to the second condition - productive use of the owner of the means of production. Belonging to a person or group of people the means of production should be involved in the process of reproduction, that is, to produce new products with new consumer properties, increased cost and price.
According to the definition of Karl Marx, the property is related to the conditions of production as their own and it is only through production.
Therefore, it is necessary to recognize the legitimate release of "value effect" of the property as a sign that most accurately collecting the economic substance of property relations. Getting this valuable effect due to the productive use of the means of production.
A more precise definition of the economic content of the essence of ownership is to obtain economic benefits from the reproduction of the means of production, taking the form of surplus product in any socio-economic system.
For additional product from the sale of property in the means of production need at least two objectively necessary conditions: first, the means of production must be linked to a specific quantity and quality of employees, and secondly, as a means of production, and employees must be constantly in the process of reproduction, that is, during production, distribution, exchange and consumption of the product as manufactured, and manufacturing tools themselves and labor.
Property relations are formed over a wide variety of objects. With the development of production, science and technology is expanding and qualitatively changed their composition and structure.
Among the objects of the property there are always key, dominant, due to which there is competition in the community. Monopoly of these objects and gives an economic power, and removing them from the exclusive assignment means moving to a new state property relations.
Determining the overall structure of objects of ownership is ownership of the means of production. Until recently, determining the role of the latter in the structure of ownership of objects recognized by all. However, in recent years, a view that the means of production play a dominant role in the objects of the property only as part of a historically transitory, the so-called real-product stage. In connection with the deployment of scientific and technological revolution the focus is shifting to information and scientific knowledge, which in modern manufacturing are the most expensive resources.
In contrast to the means of production, the production use of which allows the holder to receive income in the form of profit, ownership of consumer goods no income. Conversely, increasing the size of the personal property, the increase in its structure expensive, technologically complex property-houses, castles, cars, airplanes, boats, etc. - Require a huge cash outlay for its preservation and maintenance. If the owner of the personal property accumulated loses a source of constant replenishment of cash income (permanent high-paying jobs, ownership of productive nature, income from rental property, etc.), then he is forced to give up the property.
Socio-economic relations over ownership have always played a significant role in the organization and functioning of the socio-economic systems. With regards the ownership incentives linked to the economic, business people, purpose and diversity of economic interests, forms and methods of management.
Moreover, property, and on the subject of relationships is determined, ultimately, the real power in society, which is particularly evident in periods of revolutionary changes, when the focus is power and property in their indissoluble unity, which leads to negative