The subjects of constitutional and legal relations in foreign countries

As a result of the legal facts on the basis of operation of the rules of constitutional law between the different parties arise constitutional and legal relations. Their members are called subjects of constitutional law. In constitutional law is not being used to divide the subjects of natural and legal persons, as, for example, in civil law. It adopted its own classification.

In its most general form in the number of subjects of constitutional and legal relations are usually included:

1) social and ethnic community (the people, the source of power, the nation and other ethnic groups have the right to self-determination, the classes in the totalitarian socialism, etc.);

2) the State and its component parts (for example, the subjects of the federation in Germany or autonomous areas in China);

3) The main organs of the state (the head of state - the emperor in Japan, the president of the United States, the UK parliament, the cabinet in India, the People's Advocate in Spain, etc.);

4) associations and groups of citizens of a public character, ie those who are involved in politics, and not do, say, a profit-making as joint stock companies (for example, the parties nominating candidates for elections to the State, in Brazil or a group of voters in Switzerland, having the right people's legislative initiative);

5) The members of the representative bodies that have, for example, the right of MPs to question representatives of the executive power;

6) Local governments and control (for example, in the UK county councils, mayors in France);

7) individuals (citizens, foreigners and stateless persons, persons with multiple nationality - each of these groups has its own volume of constitutional

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Constitutional law

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