Irrigation theory of the origin of the state

The most prominent representative of irrigation (hydraulic) theory of the origin of the state is the modern German scientist E. Wittfogel. It links the process of the emergence of statehood with the need to construct irrigation facilities in the eastern agrarian societies.

It is accompanied by a growing number of officials, the sovereign people, ensuring efficient use of data structures and operators of other citizens.

The government, forced to carry out in such conditions rigidly centralized policy that acts as the sole owner and at the same time exploiter. It manages, distributes, takes into account, subordinates.

Irrigation problems, according to Wittfogel, inevitably lead to the formation of "managerial and bureaucratic class," enslaving society, the formation of "agromenedzherskoy" civilization.

Indeed, the process of creating and maintaining powerful irrigation systems occurred in the regions from which the primary city-states: in Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China, etc. Also apparent relationship between these processes and the formation of a numerous class of managers, officials, services, protecting channels from siltation and providing thereon shipping, etc. (AB Vengerov).

In addition, virtually undisputed fact can be considered the influence of geography and climate (soil) conditions for statehood. In some of the most unfavorable for farming regions such factors catalyze this process, "adjusted" mode even a particular state to the extreme oppressive forms.

However, under this theory, too categorically highlighted fragments of the process of formation of the state as the main basic. Meanwhile, irrigation causes have been characterized mainly for only some regions of the East.

Consequently, the representatives of this doctrine underestimate the socio-economic, military, political, psychological and other factors, too, have been significantly affect the course of

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